Alekhine Defense Spielmann Gambit

How to Play the Alekhine Defense – Spielmann Gambit Opening

  • 1. e4: The game begins with the advance of the king’s pawn, controlling the center and freeing the queen and bishop.
  • 1… Nf6: Black responds with the knight to f6, attacking the e4 pawn and preparing for a quick piece mobilization.
  • 2. Nc3: White develops their knight to the king’s side, protecting e4 and preparing possible central advances.
  • 2… d5: Black challenges the center with their queen’s pawn, aiming to activate their pieces and balance central control.
  • 3. e5: White advances their e4 pawn, displacing the black knight and gaining space in the center.
  • 3… Nfd7: The black knight retreats, repositioning for possible retreats or counterattacks.
  • 4. e6: An aggressive move aiming to destabilize the black pawn structure and open lines for an attack.

Variants of the Alekhine Defense – Spielmann Gambit

Variant 1: 2… e5

In this variant, Black plays 2… e5, aiming to control the center and limit White’s options. It leads to a more closed pawn structure and positional play.

Variant 2: 4… fxe6

Black can choose to capture the pawn on e6 with the f-pawn. This opens the f-file for Black and leads to a more dynamic game, although it weakens the defense of the black king.

Variant 3: 4… c5

With 4… c5, Black seeks counterplay in the center and challenges White’s pawn chain. This line can lead to asymmetric pawn structures and a complex game.

Alekhine Defense – Spielmann Gambit

The Alekhine Defense, characterized by the initial moves 1.e4 Nf6, invites White to occupy the center while Black seeks to undermine this central structure later on. The Spielmann Gambit arises after 2.Nc3 d5 3.e5 Nfd7 4.e6, presenting an interesting position both in strategic and tactical terms for both sides.

Current Position

After 4.e6, White has created a powerful wedge on the kingside, challenging Black’s pawn structure. This bold move has several tactical and strategic consequences:

White (4.e6): The e6 advance opens lines and can lead to a quick attack on the uncastled Black king. White can seek to capitalize on rapid development and the possibility of direct attacks on the kingside.

Black: They have several options, each with its own strategic plan:
4…fxe6: Black accepts the gambit, weakening their pawn structure but opening the “f” file for future activities. This also allows the development of the light-squared bishop.
4…Nf6: Rejecting the gambit and aiming to reinforce control over the center. This move prepares kingside castling and maintains a more solid pawn structure.
4…Nb6: Focuses on piece development and pressure on the center. Although less direct, this move allows Black to maintain a flexible pawn structure.

Strategies and Tactics

White: They should focus on exploiting their spatial advantage and rapid development. Early attacks on the kingside, especially if Black chooses fxe6, can be effective. Play in the center and on the kingside will be crucial, and White should be alert to tactical opportunities, especially combinations involving the bishop and queen.

Black: Defense and counterattack are key. If they accept the gambit (fxe6), they should be prepared for dynamic play, seeking counterattack opportunities, especially on the “f” file and in the center. If they reject the gambit (Nf6 or Nb6), the game becomes more positional, focusing on central control and harmonious piece development. Coordination between bishops and knights will be vital for an effective counterattack.


The Spielmann Gambit in the Alekhine Defense offers a rich mix of tactics and strategies. White has the opportunity for aggressive and direct play, while Black must carefully balance defense and counterattack. Each move option for Black entails a different plan, making this opening an intriguing and complex choice for players who enjoy dynamic positions rich in tactical ideas.