The king is the most crucial piece in chess (it’s called the “king” for a reason). Every chess strategy relies on finding methods to safeguard your king while threatening your opponent.
Chess Rules for King
Where Should the King Be Placed on the Chessboard?
The king always starts on the e-file, on the opposite side of the board from the opposing king, on a standard chessboard. White starts on e1 and black on e8. (Note that the king also starts on a square that is the opposite color of its own.) The kingside, as opposed to the queenside, is the side of the board with the king.
The king is the highest chessman in conventional chess sets.
How to Move the King in Chess
The king, like the queen, may travel in any direction. It can, however, only travel one tile at a time. This may seem to make the king one of the more versatile chess pieces. Still, according to chess rules, there is one crucial exception: the king can never move onto a square that is being attacked by an opponent’s piece. (In other words, the monarch can never be restrained.)
This also implies that a monarch can never be next to another king.
King Chess Strategy
Because of the king’s location and weakness are likely to stay in the rear ranks for most of the game. If you’re just getting started with chess or are still in the early stages of your chess instruction, it may seem that the king doesn’t accomplish much. However, the chess king’s function may vary as the game progresses:
The priority in the early phases of the game is to safeguard the king. Ignoring the king may compel you to make sacrifices or postpone progress owing to a swift assault. The Scholar’s Mate is a beautiful illustration of what might happen to an undefended monarch.
In the middle game, an aggressive player will use several chess strategies to target the king. Understanding the fundamentals of pawn construction, skewers, and pins will allow you to safeguard your king while threatening your opponent.
The king’s role in the game might shift considerably towards the finale. Numerous, if not most, of the other high-value pieces, have been eliminated from the board by this stage, reducing many threats to the king and providing both players more fantastic opportunities to maneuver. The king may not only become a formidable offensive piece by dominating the center, but it can also aid in pawn promotion by defending pawns as they progress down their files.
How to Build a Castle with the King
While the king is not as strong as your high-value material pieces, it does have one notable special move: casting. Defined, castling is a unique rule (similar to en passant for pawns) that permits your king to move two spaces to the right or left of the king while the rook goes to the opposite side of the king.
Castling is a decisive move since it combines two movements into one. It may be an excellent technique to protect your king while building a formidable aggressive piece in your rook. While casting should never be your initial action, it is an essential aspect of many openers. Having said that, understanding when to castle is critical.
In many cases, it is preferable to keep your king securely in the corner, where it is less susceptible to diagonal assaults. As a result, establishing a castle early on might be an enticing strategy. However, there may be times when a lot of bishops or even queens leave the game early. In specific endgame-like scenarios, it may be preferable to place the king towards the center, where it may show itself to be a solid offensive piece.
Getting Out of Control
When a king is under check, it is on a square being assaulted by an opponent’s piece and may be taken on the next move. Checking the opponent king is a strong move because it demands the other player to reply quickly. There are three methods for getting out of check, each with its own set of concerns.
Change the king’s position. It may be conceivable to shift the king to a square that is not presently under assault, but this will almost certainly lose you a tempo and may also place you in an inferior strategic position.
Capture the opposing piece. It may be feasible to capture the assaulting piece using either the king or another piece in rare cases. Since it eliminates an opponent’s material, this is the most excellent approach to break out of check. Still, you’ll also want to make sure that your opponent isn’t luring you into capturing the attacking piece to set up a more deadly assault later.
With another piece, you may block the check. If the attacking piece is a queen, rook, or bishop and there is at least one space between the attacker and the king, you may be able to block the assault with one of your pieces. (This also results in a pin since the obstructing piece can no longer be withdrawn without putting the king in check.)
It’s also worth noting that you can never check your king, either by moving it into a square being attacked by an enemy piece or by moving another piece that exposes your king to assault from an opponent rook, queen, or bishop.
It’s also worth noting that in casual games, the assaulting player is expected to declare check. However, this is seldom done in tournaments.
Checkmate is the final result of a chess game. It signifies that the defending king has been put in check and has no way out. The king may be the most important piece in chess, but it’s also one of its few unique features. A game can’t end until checkmate, and there is no way to capture this powerful leader without ending play yourself!
Chess rules state that if there are no legitimate movements or it is impossible to checkmate an opponent properly, the game must finish in a stalemate.