Chess Pieces: Board Setup, Movement, and Notation

chess board with all the pieces
Beginning chess board with all of the items.

Every bit in chess has its personal distinctive powers. To develop into nice at chess you will need to perceive these powers and the way they can be utilized to win the sport. For every particular person chess piece we’ll take a look at the beginning place, actions, notation, basic overview, and a few extra professional tricks to velocity up the training curve.

There are 6 distinctive chess items. They’re:

This web page will cowl the place the chess items ought to begin the sport, how they transfer, how their strikes are notated, and the way good they’re relative to the opposite chess items.

The King

king chess pieceThe king is the piece with a cross on the prime. This will not be probably the most highly effective piece in chess, however it definitely is crucial. For those who lose your king, you may have misplaced the sport. At the start of the sport you need to ensure to guard your king. Later within the recreation, the king can develop into a really highly effective ally in your offense so be ready to make use of it.

chess king board setup
The kings begin on the e1 and e8 squares. The white king ought to be on a darkish sq.. The black king begins on a light-weight sq..

Overview

The white chess king begins on the e1 sq. and the black king begins on the e8 sq.. This ought to be the alternative coloration of the king. If the e1 sq. is white, then you will have to rotate the board so the e1 sq. is darkish.

Motion

The king can transfer one sq. in any route. It may’t leap over materials so initially of a chess recreation there are not any authorized strikes for the king to make since it’s surrounded by different items.

When a king strikes to a sq. you will notice one thing like Ke5. The Okay represents the king and e5 represents the sq. it’s shifting to. If there was a chunk on e5 that the king is capturing then you will notice the notation written Kxe5. The x reveals {that a} piece was captured.

The one limitation the king has when shifting is that it will probably’t transfer to a sq. that’s being attacked by an opponent’s items. In ex. A you possibly can see that the king can take the rook on e4 with Kxe4 as a result of the rook shouldn’t be defended by one other piece. The king, nevertheless, can’t take the knight on b4 as a result of that sq. is being defended by the rook.

chess king possible moves
The king can transfer one sq. in any route.
chess king legal capture
Instance A: The king can take the rook, as a result of it’s not defended. It may’t take the knight as a result of it’s defended.
chess king notation on movement
The King strikes from d4 to e5. This transfer can be notated as Ke5.

Verify and Checkmating the King

king in checkmate
Instance B: It’s white’s transfer and the king is beneath assault. With no secure squares to maneuver, that is checkmate. Black wins.

If one aspect assaults the opponents king that is known as examine. If the king is beneath assault and there are not any strikes that may preserve the king from being seize that’s checkmate, and the sport is over. Have a look in ex. B the place it’s white’s transfer. The king is beneath assault by black’s rook, however there are not any secure squares for the white king to maneuver to. That is checkmate and the sport is over.

Extra info on the King

To take your recreation to the following stage ensure you try our full information on the king.

The Rook

rook chess pieceThe rook is the piece that appears like a citadel. The is a really sturdy piece, additionally known as a significant piece, and is outranked solely by queen.

rook starting position
Both sides begins with two rooks positioned on the 4 corners of the chess board.

Overview

Both sides begins with two rooks situated within the 4 corners of the board. Rooks are value 5 factors in chess. Whereas factors don’t inform all the story in a chess recreation, it does give some indication for a way sturdy a chunk is. For those who quit a 3 level piece in chess in alternate on your opponents rook, that’s typically commerce for you.

Motion

The rook can transfer any variety of squares up, down, and throughout. It may’t leap over materials so originally of the sport, it can also’t transfer.

At the start of the sport the rook is surrounded by a pawn and a knight. One mistake that learners make is that they by no means unleash the rook into the sport. The rook hardly ever will get concerned early within the recreation however it is advisable to discover a means later within the recreation to make use of the rook or you should have missed out on of your strongest items contributing to the sport.

When a rook strikes you will notice notation corresponding to Re4. The R represents {that a} rook is shifting and the e4 represents the sq. the rook is shifting to. If the rook is capturing materials on the e4 sq. the notation can be Rxe4. It’s additionally frequent to have two rooks that may transfer to the identical sq.. In that case notation can be Re1e4. That implies that the Rook from e1 is shifting to e4. That is to restrict any confusion about one other rook that would additionally transfer to e4.

rook possible moves
The rook can transfer vertically or horizontally any variety of squares with out leaping over one other piece.
rook unable to move early in game
At the start of the sport the rook is blocked in by the pawn and knight.
Each rooks can transfer to e4. For the reason that rook on d1 strikes to d4 the chess notation can be Rd1d4.

Extra info on the Rook

To take your recreation to the following stage ensure you try our full information on the rook.

The Bishop

bishop chess pieceThe bishop shouldn’t be fairly as sturdy because the rook, and is known as a minor piece. It may nonetheless cowl plenty of floor and works will in pairs.

bishop starting position
Both sides begins with two bishops. One bishop shall be on a light-weight sq. and one on a darkish sq..

Overview

You start with two bishops. They’re situated proper subsequent to the king and the queen. You should have one bishop that’s on the sunshine squares and one bishop on the darkish squares. They’ll at all times keep on the identical coloration sq. all the recreation. The bishop is value 3 factors in a chess recreation, equal to a knight.

Motion

The bishop can transfer diagonally as many squares as it could like, with out leaping over one other piece. When a bishop strikes you will notice notation corresponding to Be4. The B represents the bishop and e4 represents the sq. it’s shifting to. If the bishop is capturing materials on e4 then it could be written as Bxe4. At the start of the sport bishops are blocked by pawns, however you often shall be shifting your pawns early on. The opens up the door for the bishops to get entangled within the recreation. Bishops shall be one of many main items you’ll use within the early recreation to assault your opponent.

bishop possible moves
Bishops can transfer diagonally any variety of squares with out leaping over one other piece.
bishop unable to move early on
Bishops are initially blocked by pawns however shall be one of many first items you progress in a chess recreation.

Extra info on the Bishop

To take your recreation to the following stage ensure you try our full information on the bishop.

The Queen

queen chess pieceThe queen is the piece with a crown on prime, however no cross. That is probably the most highly effective chess piece and combines the strikes of each the rook and the bishop. Just like the rook, it’s thought-about a significant piece in chess.

queen starting position
The queen begins proper subsequent to the king. They need to be on the d1 and d8 squares.

Overview

The queens start on the d1 and d8 squares. This ought to be the identical coloration because the queen. For those who see the d1 sq. is a darkish sq. then it is advisable to rotate the board so the d1 sq. is a light-weight coloration sq.. Utilizing the queen accurately is likely one of the most essential components of chess. It’s highly effective, so that you need to use it, but when it’s not protected your opponent can seize your queen and customarily results in a fast loss. The queen is value 9 factors, which is greater than a rook a bishop mixed.

Motion

The queen combines the strikes from the bishop and rook. It may transfer any squares in a diagonal route, or go up, down, and sideways as many squares with out leaping over one other piece.

When a queen strikes you’ll typically see the notation as Qh4. The Q represents the queen and h4 represents the sq. the queen is shifting to. If the queen is capturing materials on h4 then it could be notated Qxh4.

queen possible moves
The queen can transfer vertically, horizontally, or diagonally any variety of squares.
queen move notation
The queen strikes to the d5 sq. and is notated Qd5.

Early in a chess recreation you often don’t need to transfer your queen very a lot. It should help your pawns, bishops, and knights. As you method the center recreation (15 or so strikes into the sport), the queen will begin to get entangled a bit extra and play extra offense.

Extra info on the Queen

As a result of the queen is so highly effective, there’s a lot to contemplate in a recreation to make use of this piece accurately. To take your recreation to the following stage ensure you try our full information on the queen.

The Knight

knight chess pieceThe knight is the piece that appears like a horse. That is probably the most sophisticated piece to elucidate because it has a really distinctive motion. The knight is value 3 factors and is taken into account a minor piece. It’s typically thought-about as sturdy as a bishop, however for its personal distinctive causes. Whereas each items are value 3 factors, there shall be some positions the place the knight will reign supreme.

knight starting position
Both sides begins with two knights. They need to be positioned on b1/g1 for white and b8/g8 for black.

Overview

You start with two knights. They are going to be situated in between your rook and bishops on squares b1/g1 for white and b8/g8 for black.

Motion

The knight is the one piece on the board that may leap over one other piece. In that means, the knight has a leg up on the queen, however controls fewer complete squares than the queen can.

The motion of the knight might be considered an L. You may consider it as a two-one or a one-two method. Because of this the knight can transfer two squares up/down/sideways adopted by one sq. to make an L or it will probably transfer one sq. up/down/sideways adopted by two squares to make an L. Check out ex. C to see the doable squares a knight can go to.

As we talked about earlier than the knight can leap over materials as properly. Because of this even when the knight is surrounded by materials it will probably nonetheless transfer to the identical variety of squares (assuming the ultimate vacation spot isn’t occupied by one other piece you personal).

knight legal moves
Instance C: The knight strikes in an L form. It’s the solely piece that may jump over one other piece.
knight more legal moves
For the reason that knight can leap over items, the doable strikes should not restricted even when the knight is surrounded.
knight opening moves
The knight is the one piece in addition to the pawn that may transfer on the very first transfer within the recreation.

If a knight strikes the notation can be Ne4. The N represents the knight (Okay is taken by the King) and e4 represents the sq. it strikes to. If there are two knights that may each transfer to the identical sq. you then would see Nd2e4. This implies the knight from d2 moved to e4 as an alternative of one other knight that would additionally transfer to e4.

As a result of the knight can leap over materials it’s the solely piece in addition to the pawns that may begin the sport off for one aspect.

Extra info on the Knight

To take your recreation to the following stage ensure you try our full information on the knight.

The Pawn

pawn chess pieceThe pawn is the essential piece in chess and either side begins with eight. Every pawn is value 1 level. Whereas that will not look like quite a bit, many good chess gamers can win a chess recreation if they’ve a 1 level benefit.

pawn starting position
Both sides begins with 8 pawns.

Overview

Whereas the pawn is the weakest piece on the board, it serves an important function within the recreation. A lot of the early a part of the sport shall be centered across the pawn construction and controlling the middle of the board along with your pawns. The opposite items will help the pawn within the early levels. In a while the pawns will play extra of a supportive function for the minor and main items will limiting the squares the opponent can go to.

Motion

The pawn is the one piece on the chess board that may’t go backwards. It is usually the one piece the place you possibly can’t transfer it the identical variety of squares all the recreation. The primary time you progress a pawn you possibly can transfer it one or two squares. As soon as the pawn has moved you possibly can solely transfer the pawn one sq. after that.

One other distinction is that whereas the pawn strikes ahead it will probably’t seize one other piece proper in entrance of it. It may solely seize a chunk diagonally, however it will probably’t transfer diagonally until it’s capturing a chunk. Take a look at ex. D and you’ll see that the pawn on d5 can’t take the pawn on d6 (situated straight in entrance of it). As a substitute the one transfer the pawn could make is to take the pawn on e6.

When a pawn strikes you will notice the notation e5. That is completely different from different items in that you just don’t see a letter specifying what piece is shifting. For those who solely see a sq. which means the pawn is shifting there. If a pawn from d5 is capturing a pawn on e6 you then would see the notation exd6.

pawn starting move
Pawns solely transfer ahead. On its 1st transfer, you possibly can transfer 1 or 2 squares.
pawn second move
After the pawn has moved it will probably solely transfer ahead one sq. for the remainder of the sport.
pawn capture material
Instance D: Pawns can solely seize diagonally. It may’t seize a chunk straight in entrance of it.

En Passant

There’s solely particular transfer {that a} pawn could make known as en passant. This will happen solely instantly after a pawn strikes two squares. If in case you have a pawn subsequent to the pawn after it has moved two squares you possibly can take this pawn with en passant however you solely have one transfer. Some other transfer you make will negate the chance to make use of en passant.

Ex. E & F present an instance of en passant. White has simply moved d4. Black has a pawn on c4 and has one transfer solely to play cxd3. It’s a unusual transfer because the black pawn doesn’t truly find yourself on a sq. that’s occupied by a white piece however it does in actual fact seize the white pawn on d4. This often ends with a confused opponent if they’ve by no means seen it, however you possibly can at all times ship them to this website in case it is advisable to show that it’s a authorized transfer.

en passant ex a
Instance: E: White simply moved to d4. Black can seize with en passant.
en passant ex b
Instance: F: Black on the following transfer can seize the white pawn by taking part in cxd3.

Extra info on the Pawn

To take your recreation to the following stage ensure you try our full information on the pawn.

Subsequent Steps

Now you may have a primary understanding of how items transfer, what number of factors every bit is value, and how you can learn notation from a chess recreation. Make sure you try different subjects in our chess fundamentals sequence to study extra.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.